CITES BY TOPIC:  foreign country

28 U.S.C. 297: Assignment of judges to courts of the freely associated compact states:

TITLE 28 > PART I > CHAPTER 13 > Sec. 297.

Sec. 297. - Assignment of judges to courts of the freely associated compact states

(a) The Chief Justice or the chief judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit may assign any circuit or district judge of the Ninth Circuit, with the consent of the judge so assigned, to serve temporarily as a judge of any duly constituted court of the freely associated compact states whenever an official duly authorized by the laws of the respective compact state requests such assignment and such assignment is necessary for the proper dispatch of the business of the respective court.

(b) The Congress consents to the acceptance and retention by any judge so authorized of reimbursement from the countries referred to in subsection (a) of all necessary travel expenses, including transportation, and of subsistence, or of a reasonable per diem allowance in lieu of subsistence. The judge shall report to the Administrative Office of the United States Courts any amount received pursuant to this subsection


81A Corpus Juris Secundum (C.J.S.), United States, 29 (1999):

"Generally, the states of the Union sustain toward each other the relationship of independent sovereigns or independent foreign states, except in so far as the United States is paramount as the dominating government, and in so far as the states are bound to recognize the fraternity among sovereignties established by the federal Constitution, as by the provision requiring each state to give full faith and credit to the public acts, records, and judicial proceedings of the other states..."

[81A Corpus Juris Secundum (C.J.S.) 29, legal encyclopedia]


19 Corpus Juris Secundum (C.J.S.), Corporations, 884:

“The United States Government is a foreign corporation with respect to a state.” [N.Y. v. re Merriam 36 N.E. 505; 141 N.Y. 479; affirmed 16 S.Ct. 1073; 41 L. Ed. 287] [underlines added]

[19 Corpus Juris Secundum (C.J.S.) 884:]


PDF  36A Corpus Juris Secundum (C.J.S.),  Foreign, pp. 1092-1093 (224 Kbytes)


Black's Law Dictionary, Sixth Edition, p. 498:

Dual citizenship. Citizenship in two different countries. Status of citizens of United States who reside within a state; i.e., person who are born or naturalized in the U.S. are citizens of the U.S. and the state wherein they reside.

[Black's Law Dictionary, Sixth Edition, page 498]


PDF IRS Publication 519: Tax Guide for Aliens, Year 2007, p. 15

Foreign country. The term "foreign country" means any territory under the sovereignty of a government other than that of the United States.  The term also includes territorial waters of the foreign country, the airspace over the foreign country, and the seabed and subsoil of submarine areas adjacent to the territorial waters of the foreign country.

[PDF IRS Publication 519: Tax Guide for Aliens, Year 2007, page 15]


California Revenue and Taxation Code, Section 17019:

17017. "United States," when used in a geographical sense, includes the states, the District of Columbia, and the possessions of the United States.

17019. "Foreign country" means any jurisdiction other than one embraced within the United States.


26 C.F.R. §1.911-2(h):

The term "foreign country" when used in a geographical sense includes any territory under the sovereignty of a government other than that of the United States**. It includes the territorial waters of the foreign country (determined in accordance with the laws of the United States**), the air space over the foreign country, and the seabed and subsoil of those submarine areas which are adjacent to the territorial waters of the foreign country and over which the foreign country has exclusive rights, in accordance with international law, with respect to the exploration and exploitation of natural resources.

NOTE:  If the above regulation were to be interpreted any way other than that intended by the U.S. Constitution, the sovereign jurisdiction of the federal government would be in conflict with the sovereign jurisdiction of the 50 States of the union. In other words, such an interpretation would be illogical and have absurd consequences. Sovereignty over territory is therefore the key. There simply cannot be two sovereign governmental authorities over a territory because a territory can have only one owner. Sovereignty is the authority to which there is no political superior inside a territory. Sovereignty is vested in one or the other sovereign entity over a given territory, such as a state or the federal government, but not both entities simultaneously.  The 50 union states ARE NOT territories of the federal government.  They CREATED the federal government and the CREATION cannot be superior to the CREATOR.  See Great IRS Hoax, section 4.1 for further explanation on this subject of the order of creation and the hierarchy of sovereignty that results from it, which we call "Natural Order".

A State does not owe its origin to the Government of the United States, in the highest or in any of its branches. It was in existence before it. It derives its authority from the same pure and sacred source as itself: The voluntary and deliberate choice of the peopleA State is altogether exempt from the jurisdiction of the Courts of the United States, or from any other exterior authority, unless in the special instances when the general Government has power derived from the Constitution itself.” 
[Chisholm v. Georgia, 2 Dall. (U.S.) 419 (Dall.) (1794)]